How to overclock a Graphics Card-The all in one guide:
Do you want to squeeze your graphics card to the extreme level and gain the highest performance form your GPU? If you want this post is for.
So here I am gonna tell you some simple methods to improve your graphics cards (GPU) performance. To do so we have to “Overclock” our GPU. Now, what is Overclock?
Here it is: Over means excess or more and clock means the clock speed/frequency. So by giving extra voltage/power, receive higher performance from your GPU- this process is called overclocking.
I think you understand what is Overclock of the graphics card. If any doubt, please comment below.
Now to perform this action what type of components and information we need?
Components to do a overclock:
You have to give an extra voltage to your GPU so that it can be able to give it’s best. But if you give voltage, the heat ejected from the GPU increases. Just think, if the graphics card can play a game at 30 fps but you overclocked it and play in 40 fps. So the pressure of the GPU in the second case is obviously much more than the other and if there is much higher pressure then hitting is also higher.
Overall if you overclock a GPU then the heat eject from the GPU is more than a normal case. So how do you control that?
To control that heating you should have a powerful cooling system. If you don’t use a good cooling system, your GPU can also be damaged because of overheating.
2. A Graphics card:
The most important thing need to overclock a graphics card is a graphics card :):):)
You should have a decent amount of RAM to Overclock a GPU. By the term decent amount, I want RAM not less than 8GB.
Now, many people overclocking their GPU with 4GB RAM only. You also can do that. But I personally feel that with 4GB RAM you can’t get that much effect from this process. So I always prefer to go with at least 8GB RAM if you want that buttery smoothness in your games.
4. A good processor:
A good processor is very very important for overclocking a GPU. You are adding extra voltage and your graphics card is working way more from its capability, but if your CPU just can’t handle it then what Happen. Think about it.
Here comes the new term called bottlenecking. Let’s understand this with an example: suppose you want to build a PC and you choose Intel i3 as your processor and RTX 2080Ti as your graphics card.
Now, do you think this processor can handle the processing request of your giant graphics card i.e 2080Ti? Well, the answer is a big No. So, if your processor can’t handle the power of the graphics card then it starts lagging and this is called bottlenecking.
So, in this process, the power of your GPU is increased and if your processor is not strong enough to handle this tour CPU also sharts lagging. So it is very important to go with a good processor, at least which can handle the pressure of overclocking.
5. Power supply:
Since you are giving extra voltage to your motherboard, then you also need a good power supply (PSU). If your power supply this just managing to give the minimum power required by the graphics card then how can it be able to give extra voltage? So always check whether your PSU can give sufficient power to GPU or not before starting.
So read the components part carefully and if you have these components, go ahead.
Now we are ready with all the components and now to do this process safely you should know the technical terms and what do they mean.
Terms to know:
1. Clock speed:
In every Integrated circuit like CPU, GPU, there must be a clock in the chipset which can make the circuit on or off. You can say that the speed of on or off in a second is the clock speed. Now, the higher clock speed a circuit has, the more quick result it can give. Because if your CPU or GPU has a great clock speed i.e it can fastly do on-off of switches, then the command given by you is done too quickly.
You heard the terms I have a CPU which clock speed is 2GHz,1MHz. What do they mean?
Well, one Gigahertz (GHz) means the circuit can do switch off-on(also said as low-high) one Billion times in a second.
And Megahertz(MHz) means one million times on-off per second.
So if any command needs 50 times on-off then it can be done in a small fraction of a second.
This is the complete system of clock speed.
Voltage is a very simple one. This is the power of your CPU. It is very important to have a good power source, PSU for PC. Because to do an overclock you need a good power supply which is equal to the voltage.
So let’s do for what we are here, let’s overclock the GPU:
There are two types of graphics cards for overclocking-
Type 1 is those graphics cards that have an extra port for additional power supply. For example: GTX 1060, RX450, GTX1080, GTX 970, GTX 980 etc.
Another type is those which doesn’t have an extra post for power supply. For example: GTX 1050 Ti, GTX 1050, GTX 750 Ti etc.
But here is a problem. If you want to increase the clock speed, GPU offset then you definitely have applied extra voltage. Now, if your GPU doesn’t have a dedicated slot for extra power, what to do?
Don’t panic I also give you a method for those GPUs which doesn’t have the slot. We digitally increase the voltage in that case.
To know if your GPU has a dedicated/additional power supply port or not, just check in the manual which comes with the GPU.
So the main software by which you can overclock any kind of graphics card no matter it is from MSI, Zotac, Asus, etc. is Msi afterburner. This is free software and can be easily downloadable. Just check you GPUs temperature and if it is near 50-60 degree or below that you can easily overclock that.
But if your temperature is touching 80 degrees Don’t overclock it. If you do in such a higher temperature then there are some possibilities your GPU can also be burned or destroyed.
Process for type 1:
For those people who have a dedicated slot for extra power in their GPU, just connect the wire from PSU to that slot.
Now you can overclock your graphics card by The MSI Afterburner.
- Go to the official website of MSI afterburner.
- Click on the download button.
- Also, download MSI Kombustor.
- Install it and launch and do the following process.
After opening this software, you find your GPU temperature at the right side and four bars by which you have to do the whole process like in the image.
|Always see the temperature before doing this process at the right side|
So in the middle, you get core voltage, power limit, temperature limit, core clock, memory clock, and fan speed.
Now what we gonna do?
You have to increase the fan speed around 75. Then brought the power limit and temperature limit to the max level. But if you want to do this process more safely, keep some space between the dot and the last reading.
Now open the kombustor by clicking the big the icon (K) upon your software or if it isn’t pop up himself, open it by double-clicking the main icon which you have installed before.
Now a window will pop up where the stability of your GPU is shown.
Now just increase the core clock and memory clock a little bit and hit apply. After that check your Msi combustor, if there are any laggyness, stop overclocking and if not just keep on increasing the values and note down them as well till your kombustor stars lagging. After you get some laggyness or completely crashes of kombustor, you simply close the software and put the last values where your kombustor runs with buttery smoothness.
Simply save the values and when you want to overclock just open Msi afterburner and apply these saved values and boom! You have successfully overclocked your GPU.
Process for type 2:
Now if you have the second type of GPUs which don’t have an additional port to give power, then you have to follow this method. So you have to apply additional voltage digitally.
So first download the software Thunder Master software by Palit. After that install it and you gonna see an interface like in the image.
Here you have to check the temperature before starting and it is hovering around 50 degrees, go ahead.
After launching, first, slightly increase voltage and after that increase clock speed and core clock as well(1st one). Do this process like before.
At last max, the voltage and find the extreme point to which your GPU is completely stable.
Notice that if you increase voltage then the space clock and core speed increase also increases. This means if the voltage increases then you can also increase system speed.
Also always look at the temperature, if it crosses 90 degrees don’t increase values.
So I hope you understand the whole process and can overclock any kind of graphics card.
Here are some preventions to take while doing this process:
- As I said before, do this process only when you have a good cooling system and your temperature is hovering below 50-60 degrees without overclocking.
- Before starting this process go to your GPU manual and see if there is an extra port for power in your GPU or not. If it then goes with type1 or if not go with type 2.
- Don’t give a very high voltage. I always prefer to keep some gap in the voltage bar means don’t give maximum voltage by the software, always left some space.
- How many extra efforts you can gain by Overclocking is completely depended upon your graphics card. But my graphics card gives me 20% extra fps if I overclock it.
- Please check your system, if your CPU can handle the pressure of overclocking and I prefer at least 8GB RAM for overclocking.
Please do this process after reading all the prevention part.
If you think this post is helpful and help you out of the process then please share it and it any problem then please comment below.